The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 6(2), 2001, article 8.

The Innovation Library



  • Canada Foundation for

    • An independent corporation established by the federal
      government to strengthen Canadian capability for research.
  • Canada’s
    Innovation Strategy
  • Citizen
    • Citizens League, Minnesota,
    • Citizen
      Participation Centre of Citizens League, Minnesota, USA
    • Cynicism and Confusion are
      Creating Morale Problems in Canada’s Public Service, Say Authors
    • Development Gateway
      (World Bank) Portal on Civic
    • Government Information
      site on Public Participaton
    • Models
      of Neighborhood Participation in Local Government
      citizens making a difference
    • New Canadian Prime Minister talks about E-democracy as the way to tackle today’s tough issues with Thomas Homer-Dixon
  • The Council for Excellence inGovernment
  • Danish Ethics Innovations
  • Global Ideas Bank
  • Innovation Institutes
    • Centre
      for Public Service Innovation (CPSI), South Africa
    • The InnovationNetwork, Ottawa
    • Institute
      for Government Innovation, Harvard University
    • International
      Centre of Innovation and Exchange in Public Administration, Brazil
  • Innovation Network
  • Innovations in Government
    Workplaces – The incidence of flexible job designs in the government sector is triple
    that reported for the private sector in Canada.
  • Innovations
    for Development
  • Innovation Systems Research Network
  • The International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM)
  • Invention
    at Play: Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation
  • The Learning

    • A Public Service Learning Organization: From Coast to Coast to Coast
      – Directions for the Future by Deputy Minister Task Force, Government of
    • Some Thoughts on Turning a Government Organization into a Learning
      Organization by Eton Lawrence (1) Public Service Commission of Canada
  • Metrics
    • Foreign Policy
    • Merit
      Systems in Western Democracies: Current Problems and Selected Best
      Practices, by Darryl Hirsch, Research Directorate, Public Service
      Commission of Canada, December 1999
  • The Network of Innovative
    Service Providers in Germany (in German)
  • New Ideas
    • Homer-Dixon, Thomas. 1995. The Ingenuity Gap: Can Poor Countries Adapt to
      Resource Scarcity? Population and Development Review, Vol. 21, No. 3,
      September: 587-612
  • Non-Profit
  • Ontario’s
    Regional Economic Development and Innovation Network
  • Organizational Environment
    • Legacy Site of the Future of Work in the Public Sector
      March 26-28, 2000
    • Bibliography
      of Cultural Management Documents
  • Private Sector Firms
    • Gundling, Ernest. 2000. The 3M Way to Innovation: Balancing People and Profits. Tokyo
      ; New York : Kodansha International. Ernest Gundling, co-founder of Meridian
      Associates, Inc, discusses hidden processes that 3M uses to create an innovation pipeline
      and a climate of innovation: index_xod.asp?summ_id=37
    • The Innovation Group Consulting Inc:
  • Promoting
    Social Inventions
  • Readings on Innovation
    • (Please note, Readings appear in language of original
      text/Prière de noter que les Lectures sont dans la langue du texte d’origine)
    • Provided by: Management Resource Centre, CCMD /Centre de ressources
      en gestion, CCG
    • Chesbrough, Henry W; Teece, David J. When is virtual virtuous?
      Organizing for innovation. Harvard Business, Review, Vol: 74, Iss: 1, Date: Jan/Feb 1996,
      p: 65-71+.

      • Abstract: The notion of the virtual corporation has been
        significantly overestimated. It isimperative to understand the type of innovation that is
        being used. In some instances, joint ventures, partnerships and outsourcing can be used.
        But in other cases, they can be detrimental to an organization’s competitive strategy. A
        model is presented to help managers understand how to innovate by going virtual, when alliances should be formed, and when
        internal development is the best option. Cases are used to match strategy to the type of
        innovation being sought.
    • Fairtlough, Gerard. Organizing for innovation: Compartments,
      competences and networks. Long Range Planning, Vol: 27, Iss: 3, Date: Jun 1994, p: 88-97.

      • Abstract: The second half of the 1990s will usher in a new
        industrial paradigm and will mark a turning point in organizational thinking. Planning for
        innovation helps to prepare organizations for this coming change and ensures that they
        will have in place the flexibility and creativity to take advantage of the new paradigm.
        Innovative thinking can be encouraged through the use of networks of innovation and by formulating and making widely known
        relevant sets of concepts which lead to innovation. Two concept-sets are: 1) the notion of
        organizational competencies and professional competencies, and 2) compartmentalized
        concepts consisting of a group of a few hundred people with the appropriate boundaries and
        internal communication.
    • Fobes, Richard. Creative problem solving: A way to forecast and create a better future.
      Futurist, Vol: 30, Iss: 1, Date: Jan/Feb 1996, p: 19-22.

      • Abstract: Creativity can solve real problems.
        Problem solving techniques used in business can be used to solve personal problems as
        well. Creativity is greatly enhanced when it is successfully used with judgemental
        thinking. Refining ideas is also important in problem solving. Ideas when first generated
        must be repackaged in order to be useful.
    • Higgins, James M. Innovation: The core competence. Planning
      Review, Vol: 23, Iss: 6, Date: Nov/Dec 1995, p: 32-35.

      • Abstract: An individual, a group, an organization is given
        something new through the process of innovation. Through creativity, an individual or an
        organization is able to generate profits and success. The core competence of innovation is
        achieved through the Equation: C + OC = I. That is, Innovation equals Creativity in the
        right Organizational Culture. The Innovation Quotient Inventory is comprised of the 49 characteristics of innovative
        organizations including 7 of McKinsey’s 7 Ss
  • Service Delivery
  • Skills
    • Creativity

      • Centre for Research
        in Applied Creativity
      • Centre for Research on
        Creativity and Innovation
      • Creative Problem
      • Innovation
        and Creativity in the Workplace. Program/Project Management Resource List #10. Revised
        1994. NASA Library List
      • Inventing,
        Entrepreneurship and Technology Transfer Books
      • Toward a Theory of Creative Inklings
      • “What Do We Know AboutEnhancing Creativity and Innovation: A Review of Literature.” By Eleanor Glor
    • Futures
      • A Glimpse At The Government of the Future
      • The Canadian Futurists and the
        World Future Society
      • Club of Rome – Eleven
        Global Issues
      • DaVinci
        Institute – a futurist think tank dedicated to uncovering emerging
        technology with far reaching implications.
      • Futures Sites
      • Scenariosfor the Future of Canada Webpage
      • George Washington
        University; Forecast of Technology and Strategy
      • The Rapidly Changing Face of
      • Orbital Space
        Settlements (NASA)
      • Space Colony Art from the 1970s (NASA)
      • What Is The
        Most Important Invention?
      • Progress: The Very
      • Futurists Have aMixed Record in Forecasting Human Progress By Rick Montgomery – The Kansas City
    • Quality
      • British Value and
        Quality Site
      • Continuous
        Improvement Resources Identified by Arizona State University
      • Deming Web Site
      • IIS Online – ISO 14000 Standards
        and ISO Information
      • The Public Sector
        Quality Association
    • Skills
    • Measuring Innovation
      • Buderi, Robert. 1999. “In Search of Innovation .” Technology
        Review: MIT’s Magazine of Innovation Technology
        . On Internet at:

        • You may know it when you see it, but before you can foster
          innovation in a company or nation you need to be able to get a grip on it. Meet the
          researchers who are trying to quantify this crucial but elusive process.
  • Science,
    Technology and Sustainable Development

  • Technological Innovations
    • Card Technology:
    • Industry Canada’s Private Sector Innovation Success
      Stories: MenuE/SuccessStories
    • Management of Innovation and New Technology (MINT) Research Centre: and
    • Success Stories: Communications Research Centre
    • Technology Innovation Group:
    • The dot-com fad wasted the talents of a generation: toc/01_28/B3740ebiz.htm
    • Useful publications published by University of Colorado’s
      Graduate School of Public Affairs:
  • US Environmental Protection
    Agency Structures its Ten-Year Report Around Innovation
  • World Bank Administrative and Civil Service Innovation Site


  • Benchmarking
    • PUMA
      Work on Performance Management::
    • U.S. National Partnership for Reinventing Government:
  • Children
    • Community
      Governance Reference List
  • Confronting the
    Population Crisis
  • Environment
  • Sustainability
  • Ethics
    • A Danish Governance Innovation: ethics as an
      operational tool for biotechnological decisions for politicians, for authorities, for
      enterprises and for society at large. Expert report: An Ethical Foundation for Genetic
      Engineering Choices
      . The ethical challenges that genetic engineering imposes upon us.
      The publication summarizes the Expert Group’s discussion paper and presents their
      proposals for general ethical guidelines that should be incorporated into the national and
      interantional debate on uses of the technology. english/biotik/index.htm
      a copy
    • Transparency International
    • World
      Bank site on corruption
  • Governments
    • Challenge of
      Citizen-Centred Service
    • Dept. of
      Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Govt. of India
    • Government Innovations Around the World, by Dr. Elaine C. Kamarck
    • Government of
      Canada Department of Finance Public Administration Hot Links
    • Government of Canada
      Primary Internet Site [ Canada Site ] – Contents
    • IdeaExplore
    • Innovation.Gov.UK
    • Office of Government-Wide Policy,
    • Policy
      Research Initiative, Government of Canada
    • Portuguese Initiatives for Citizens in the Information Society
    • Provincial
    • Public Service Innovation – Government of British Columbia
    • Saskatchewan
      Institute of Public Policy
    • Treasury Board
      Secretariat of Canada (TBS) Innovation and Quality Exchange: Getting Government Right
    • U.K.
      Government Best Practice Links
    • U.N. finds e-government use spreading fast, but with scattered effect (Nov 2003)
  • Health
    • Canadian
      Centre for Analysis of Regionalization and Health
  • Information Highway
    • Nova Scotia
      Governement on Information
  • International Institute of
    Administrative Sciences (IISA)
  • Inventions
    • “A Thousand
      Years of Science and Technology” Christian Science Monitor
    • “One Hundred Years of Innovation” by Karen Pennar,
      Business Week, Summer 1999, pp. 8-104
  • International Organizations
  • Knowledge Management
    • Knowledge Assessment
  • The Leadership
    Network (Le Réseau du Leadership)
  • Northwood University
  • OECD links to government
    sites on administrative reform
  • Political Science Journals
    • Electronic Journals in Political Science:
  • Professional Associations
    • American
      Society for Public Administration (ASPA) International Site
    • Canadian
      Council for Public-Private Partnerships
    • Canadian
      International Labour Network
    • Canadian Public Sector
      Quality Association/Interdepartmental Quality Network
    • Center of Competence for Public Management
      (in German)

      • If you read German: have a look at:
    • Center of Competence in Public
      Management for Switzerland (in German)
    • The Commonwealth Association for Public
      Administration and Management

      • (The Commonwealth
        Association for Public Administration and Management)
      • Submitted by Sandy Bryce
      • Material that has been submitted to:
      • CAPAM Civil Service Practice Knowledge Centre
        1075 Bay St., Suite 402
        Toronto, Ontario
        CANADA M5S 2B1
        tel: +1 416 920 3337
        fax: +1 416 920 6574
      • Jocelyne
        Bourgon’s speech to APEX (Association of Senior Executives of the Government of
        Canada) in 1997. Ms. Bourgon was then Clerk of the Privy Council of the Government of
        Canada. (lotus
        notes version)
      • A
        Public Service Learning Organization: Directions for the Future by CCMD- Learning
        & Development Committee
      • 1998
        Paper by Art Daniel on Ontario’s “outside-in” approach to service delivery
      • Michael R. Garrett on reform
        of the government of the new amalgamated City of Toronto
      • IPAC-
        Public Service Transformation
      • 1999
        paper by Michael Jordan on Ontario’s Integrated Justice Project
      • Governing
        For The Future/ The Canadian Experience by Marcel Masse
      • A
        Strategic Approach to Modern Governance by Richard Neville
      • Managing
        Change: Recent Canadian Efforts to Improve Service Quality and Apply Information
        Technology by Brian Pagan
      • ‘Twinning’
        and the South Africa/Canada Programme on Governance: Some Reflections on Blunt, Jones
        and Askvik by Rosemary Proctor
      • Beyond
        the Buzzwords: Coping With Change in the Public Sector by Paul G. Thomas
      • Assessing
        the Agency Creation Option for Alternative Service Delivery: The Case of the Office of
        the Fire Commissioner,Province of Manitoba by John Wilkins
    • International Institute of
      Administrative Sciences(IIAS)
    • Peter F. Drucker Foundation
      for Nonprofit Management
  • Public Administration/Public

    • African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development
    • American Public Administration Sites:
    • Kettl, Donald F. 2000. The Global Public Management Revolution. A
      Report on the Transformation of Governance. Washington, D.C.:
      The Brookings
    • Public Sector Employers’ Council:
    • San Francisco State University Public Management Site:
    • Study Group on Local Governance within the European Group of Public
    • United Nations Public Administration Network:
    • University of Ottawa, Centre on Governance:
  • Public Administration

    • AAPAM–African Association for Public Administration and
    • AMDISA–Association of Management Development Institutions in
      South Asia
    • ASPA–American Society for Public Administration
    • AUDI–Arab Urban Development Institute
    • CAFRAD–African Training and Research Centre in Administration
      for Development
    • CAPPA–Canadian Association of Programs in Public Administration
    • CICAM–Canadian Institute of Certified Administrative Managers
    • CAMDA–Caribbean Management Development Association
    • COMNET IT–Commonwealth Network for Information Technology
    • CUI–Canadian Urban Institute
    • DPSC–Development Policy Studies Consortium (USA)
    • EGPA–European Group of Public Administration
    • EROPA–Eastern Regional Organisation for Public Administratation
    • HKPAA–Hong Kong Public Administration Association
    • IASIA–International Association of Schools and Institutes of
    • IIAS–International Institute of Administrative Sciences
    • IIPA–Indian Institute of Public Administration
    • IPAA–Institute of Public Administration of Australia
    • IPAC–Institute of Public Administration of Canada
    • IPMA–International Personnel Management Association
    • IRPP–Institute
      for Research on Public Policy, Canada
    • MIPAM–Mauritius Institute of Public Administration and
    • NAPA–National Academy of Public Administration (USA)
    • NIPAP–National Institute of Public Administration Pakistan
    • NZIPA–New Zealand Institute of Public Administration
    • PMPA–Public Management and Policy Association (UK) (formerly
      Public Finance Foundation)
    • RIPA–Royal Institute of Public Administration
    • SAIPA–South African Institute of Public Administration
    • SECOPA–South Eastern Conference of Public Administrators (USA)
    • SPS–Strategic Planning Society
    • Study Group on Local Governance within the European Group of Public
    • UNPAN–United
      Nations Online Network in Public Administration and Finance
  • Public Administration

    • Governance and Public Sector Reform in Asia Monthly Update
    • Public Administration Journals
    • Global Virtue Ethics Review Organizational Change Management
    • Ethics Today, The American Society of Public Administration
      Section on Ethics Newsletter
  • Skills-Quality
    • Canadian Public Sector Quality Association website:
    • Government of Canada Quality Service Resources, including
    • Innovation and Quality Services Group, Treasury Board Secretariat of
      Government of Canada
    • Links to quality sites of the Office of the Secretary of Defense,
      Quality Management Office
    • National Quality Institue (Canadian)
    • Public Sector Quality Fair
    • United Kingdom Guide to Quality Programs:
      Phase 3 of the UK’s Public Sector Benchmarking project encouraged self-assesment in
      public sector organizations, using quality schemes. The Cabinet Office has published a
      guide to quality programs and how they interrelate. The Guide is available at:
      Source: Focus, Public Management Newsletter, PUMA, OECD. Sept-Oct 1999, No. 14
    • The W. Edwards Deming Institute Site
  • Think Tanks
    • Centro latinoamericano de administracion para el desarrollo (CLAD)
    • Ryerson’s Public Administration Links
    • Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC):
      a nonprofit, nonpartisan social policy research organization. We
      are dedicated to learning what works to improve the well-being of
      low-income people. Through our research and the active communication of
      our findings, we seek to enhance the effectiveness of public policies and

Hard Copy

  • “An Innovative Society and the Role of Government,” Report
    of the Auditor General of Canada to the House of Commons 1994,
    volume 2, Chapter 5.
  • Chesbrough, Henry W. and Teece, David J. 1996. “When is virtual
    virtuous? Organizing for innovation.” Harvard Business Review. Vol 74:1
    (Jan/Feb): 65-71+ Commonwealth Innovations, The Newsletter of the Commonwealth
    Association for Public Administration and Management,
    Toronto: CAPAM, 150 Eglinton
    Ave. E., M1P 1E8, phone (416) 488-1504
  • Commonwealth Innovations. The Newsletter of the Commonwealth
    Assocition for Public Administration and Management
    (CAPAM) 1075 Bay St., Suite
    402, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 2B1
  • Conger, Stuart D. Social Inventions, Prince Albert, Canada:
    Saskatchewan, Newstart, 1974. Available at HRDC library.
  • “Culture and value changes in the public service: the
    implications,” Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, Volume 25-3,
    Winter 1994/95.
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. 1997. “What’s Working?
    Lessons from the Front Lines of Welfare Reform”. Civic Review, No. 1 July.
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. 1999. “Is Public
    Entrepreneurship Ethical? A Second Look at Theory and Practice” Public Integrity,
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. “Is Public
    Entrepreneurship Ethical?” Public Integrity Annual, Vol. 1, April 1996.
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. 1995. The New Effective
    Public Manager
    . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. 1998. Tools for Innovators:
    Creative Strategies for Managing Public Sector Organizations
    . San Francisco:
  • Eimicke, William B. with Steven Cohen. 1996. “Understanding and
    Applying Innovation Strategies in the Public Sector,” presented at the 57th Annual
    National Conference of the American Society for Public Administration, June 29-July 3,
    Atlanta, Georgia, with Steven Cohen.
  • Fairtlough, Gerard. 1994. “Organizing for innovation:
    Compartments, competences and networks.” Long Range Planning. Vol 27: 3
    (June): 88-97
  • Figueroa, Edgar and Pedro Conceicao. 2000. “Rethinking the
    innovation process in large organizations: a case study of 3M.” Journal of
    Engineering and
    Technology Management JET-M 17: 93-109.
  • Fobes, Richard. 1996. “Creative problem solving: A way to
    forecast and create a better future.” Futurist. Vol. 30: 1 (Jan/Feb): 19-22
  • Glor, Eleanor. 1994/5. “Culture and value changes in the public
    service: the implications,” Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, Volume
    25-3, Winter: 9-15.
  • Glor, Eleanor. 1997. “Encouraging Public Sector
    Innovation,” Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 27-2, Fall
    1997: 41-48
  • Glor, Eleanor, ed. 1997. Policy Innovation in the Saskatchewan
    Public Sector
    , 1971-82, Toronto: Captus Press, 1997
  • Glor, Eleanor. 1998. “Public Sector Innovation in Canada,”
    chapter in Hoffman, Randy, Diane Jurkowski, Victor MacKinnon, Janice Nicholson, James
    Simeon, Public Administration: Canadian Materials, Third Edition, Toronto: Captus
    Press, 1998, pp. 300-340
  • Halachmi, Ari. “Innovation in the public sector: the case for
    action research and training,” Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management,
    Vol. 9, No. 4, 1978
  • Higgins, James M. “Innovation: The core competence.” Planning
    Vol. 23:6 (Nov/Dec): 32-35
  • Innovating, periodical of The Rensselaerville Institute,
    Rensselaerville, NY, 12147, phone (518) 797-3783
  • Innovating: Quarterly publication of The Rensselaerville Institute,
    63 Huyck Road, Rensselaerville, New York 12147
  • Innis, Harold. 1951. The Bias of Communication. Toronto: University
    of Toronto Press, 1951. I reviewed this in the most recently published book review in the
    Innovation Journal at:
  • Jery, Gloria J. Electronic Performance Support Systems: How and
    why to remake the workplace through the strategic application of technology.
    Weingarten Publications, 1991.
  • Nord, Walter R. and Sharon Tucker. Implementing Routine and Radical
    Innovations. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath Company, 1987
  • Optimum, The Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 27, No.
    2, 1997, published by Consulting & Audit Canada, Ottawa. There are six articles on
    innovation this issue, edited by Otto Brodtrick. The articles include: Innovation as the
    reconciliation of competing values, Dilemmas and the innovative society, Canadian
    innovation on the information highway: some lessons, Innovativeness in large public
    systems, Innovation and sustainability in natural resource industries, and Encouraging
    Public Sector Innovation.
  • Prather, Charles W. and Lisa K. Gundry. 1995. Blueprints for
    Innovation: How
    Creative Processes Can Make You and Your Comany More Competitive. New York: American
    Management Association
  • Quarterly publication of The Rensselaerville Institute, 63 Huyck
    Road, Rensselaerville, New York 12147
  • Thompson, Victor A. Bureaucracy and Innovation, University,
    Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1976



Innovation Seed Funds

Canadian Provinces:

Prince Edward Island

Nova Scotia

Government of Canada:

Canadian Centre for Management Development

Canada Customs and Revenue Agency


Innovation Institutes



Last Revised November 2009


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